CHAPTER III. SEMINARY COURSJ<' AT ANDOVER. DuRING the latter half of his last year in Amherst Neesima was again attacked by inflammatory rhenma­tism, and this illness seriously interfered with his studies. His health returned with the warmer weather, and in April he resumed his work. He took the de­gree of B. S. with the class of 1870, and was selected by his comrades to deliver the oration in the grove on class-day. The question of his future eourse of study was not a. difficult one; his desire to return to his people as the bearer of a heavenly message was supreme, and to this end it was decided that he should enter the Theological Seminary at Andover, a decision which gave him the greatest satisfaction. At this time the question was raised whether he should re­turn to Japan as a Japanese or an Amer-iean citizen. It was the opinion of those of whom advice was sought in Kobe and Yokohama that he should he naturalize.d in the United States, that thus he might, in case of difficulties arising from his missionary work. secure the advantages of consular jurisdiction. On the other hand, while the treaties did not prohibit mis­sionary effort, it was extremely doubtful whether they would afford any protection in case of complaint f1·om the Japanese government; nor was it probable that, if naturalized and thus made a foreigner in the eyes of the law, this fact would protect him, a native-born